Computer programming languages are how we as humans give computers instructions that they can receive, translate and perform.
Programming languages are created for human readability first so that we are able to develop and edit our source codes. When a computer receives instructions in the form of a computer programming language, it is not able to directly translate the message. The computer first needs to convert the programming code into binary format.
Binary is a machine language that delivers machine executable code that computers can understand. Binary is made up of binary digits - 0 and 1 - and is the smallest unit of data in computing. In most cases, binary code will be the final form of any computer program regardless of which computer programming language was used to write the program.